The “Advice” of Imam al-Haddad or al-Ba’iyya

Imam ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Alawi Al-Haddad t  1132 A.H
  بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
 
As the title suggests, the “Advice” of Imam al-Haddad is a poem containing advice for the spiritual wayfarer seeking to reach Allah.  It is one of a number of similar poems of advice which Imam al-Haddad wrote and is also called al-Ba’iyya, as each verse ends with the Arabic letter ba’. Al-Habib Ahmad ibn Zayn al-Habashi, author of the commentary on the poem to which we will refer, described it as being amongst the best, most beneficial and most comprehensive of the Imam’s advices.
 
 
The Author
 
Imam al-Habib Abdullah ibn `Alawi al-Haddad “the Pillar of Guidance” was born in Subayr near the city of Tarim in the Hadramawt Valley in the year 1044 Hijri. He went blind when he was still young but Allah blessed him with the light of inner sight. He sought knowledge from an early age from amongst other Shaykhs al-Habib `Umar ibn `Adburrahman al-`Attas and by the time he was about thirty years of age he was widely regarded as being the foremost scholar and saint of his time, and subsequently as the renewer of the 12th Islamic Century. His da’wa, his teachings in the form of poetry and prose, and his invocations spread far and wide during his lifetime and continue to spread to this day.  He died in 1132 and was buried in the Zanbal Graveyard in Tarim.  
      
The following is a rough translation of the poem. The emphasis has been placed more on conveying the meaning than on linguistic accuracy:
 
1. My advice to you, o distinguished and respectful one,
If you wish to attain high stations
 
2. And if you wish to surpass others and reach the highest levels
With ease and attain your goal and desire..
 
3.  Then have taqwa of Allah, whose mercy is hoped for,
The One, the Unique, the Reliever of difficulties
 
4.  Adhere to His obligations and avoid His prohibitions
And fill your nights and days with righteous works
 
5.  Bring to your heart a fear which does not part from it,
A fear of its Lord and with it a similar feeling of hope
 
6.  And strive to adorn the heart with sincerity
And know that ostentation[1] will lead to your destruction
 
7.  And purify your heart from all vices and do not
Follow the paths of the corrupt and questionable people
 
8.  And prevent your tongue from harming any one
Of Allah’s servants and from talebearing and lying
 
9.  Be dignified and humbled (in front of Allah) and be not absorbed
In distractions, joking, merriment and play
 
10. And free your heart from deceit and envy
And avoid arrogance, o poor soul, and vanity
 
11. And be content with humility because truly it is the character-trait
Of the righteous so follow them and you will be saved from the heart’s sicknesses
 
12. And beware! Beware of the ignorant one’s saying “I”[2]
And “You are below me in merit and degree.”
 
13. For people have failed and did not seek to obtain
Noble character and (instead) were content with saying “my father was so-and-so”
 
14. Go against your lower self and recognise it as an enemy
Ignore its whims and what it wants and you will succeed
 
15. And if it calls you to what it wants through its desire
Clarify to it that punishment and humiliation will be the outcome
 
16. Renounce with your heart an abode which has deceived
Many people, who saw it as the ultimate goal
 
17. They competed over it and gave it their bodies
And souls – O Allah! How amazing that it is!
 
18. Given that it is worthless and does not weigh
With Allah the wing (of a gnat),[3] so foolish is the one who covets it!
 
19. Take only what you need from this dunya and use it
While earnestly striving to reach your Lord and seek His reward
 
20. Know that the one who buys his earthly life
At the price of an afterlife of everlasting bliss will be deprived
 
21. And if you have more than enough then give to the needy
And your Lord will pour His provision upon you, so answer His call
 
22. And if you are tested with poverty be content and sufficed
With Allah your Lord, hope for His bounty and wait patiently
 
23. And if you are removed from worldly means then act with certainty
And (act) with knowledge if your state is involvement with these means
 
24. Recite the Qur’an with a present and fearful heart
Continuously and do not become distracted or allow your mind to wander
 
25. Because in it are both guidance and knowledge
And light and openings, by which I mean the lifting of veils
 
26. Constantly remember your Lord and never leave His remembrance
Because remembrance is the Sultan of righteous works
 
27. And rise when the heedless are sleeping and strive
And eat moderately and do not neglect adab[4]
 
28. Your parents have rights which are fulfilled by
Those who fear Allah, and likewise your relatives
 
29. And your neighbours and Companions – do not forget their rights
And choose only the company of the righteous
 
30. Interact with people with noble character and do not
Rebuke anyone and do not find fault with them
 
31. Fulfil their rights and do not demand yours from them and give them sincere advice[5]
And constantly call them to fulfil the rights of Allah
 
32. Beware of the company of evil and foolish people
And the envious and those who cause trouble
 
33. In all situations be steadfast[6] and know that at first
It is bitter but later it becomes sweet like honey
 
34. O Lord! You are my utmost desire and my reliance,
You are my hope in this life and the next
 
35. So forgive and pardon a poor slave who has no deeds
That are righteous and has only gathered sins
 
36. He is, however, repentant of what he has done
And has come to You acknowledging his sins, fearing Your wrath.
 
37. If You forgive him it is from Your grace O Eternally Besought[7]
So be generous to me my Lord and remove my fear
 
38. And then send prayers on the Guide Sayyidina Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم  and his descendants
As long as rain falls from the clouds
 
39. And as long as the dove sings on its branch
And as long as the branches sway on the dunes.


[1] Riya’, or showing off in good works
[2] ie “I am such and such, I am so and so”
[3] As in the hadith related by al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah on the authority of Sahl ibn.Sa`d : “If the Dunya was equal in Allah’s sight to the wing of a gnat He would not have given a single disbeliever a drink of water from it”
[4] Correct behaviour or in this case Prophetic etiquette
[5] Nasiha
[6] Have sabr
[7] Samad, the Eternally Besought, the One to whom people turn for the fulfillment of their needs
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